Viral hepatitis is an infectious inflammation of the liver caused by viruses such as A, B, C, D and others. They may be acute or chronic, but they are always life-threatening. Unlike medicinal, autoimmune and other non-contagious hepatitis, viral hepatitis is manifested not only by jaundice, increased liver volume and painfulness, but also headache, fever, nausea and vomiting. It is necessary to know that it is almost impossible to get rid of some viruses, for example, C, and all treatment measures are reduced to the elimination of symptoms and slowing down the reproduction of the virus.
Hepatitis viruses are transmitted mainly with human biological fluids, but are highly resistant in the external environment – they can persist in water and on needles up to two or three weeks. To avoid hepatitis infection, it is necessary to completely cut off the chains of possible infection, as even the most stable immunity is not able to prevent the development of the clinical picture. In addition, you should take into account that hepatitis B and C are the most terrible forms of hepatitis, which are transmitted from mother to fetus.
Prevention of Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is mainly transmitted by faecal-oral routes – through water, food, and common objects of use. The most effective infection prevention measures will be:
- Compliance with the rules of personal hygiene, wash hands before eating and after each trip to the toilet;
- Keeping the house clean;
- Use of clean water only. Often, infection with hepatitis A occurs due to drinking from unknown sources;
- It is strictly prohibited to use uncomposted manure and litter as fertilizer in the soil;
- Vegetables and fruits should be washed thoroughly before use;
- Never share with other objects such as a razor, scissors, towel, toothbrush.
In general, hepatitis A is very easy to catch in everyday life. So, if there is a person with this diagnosis among your acquaintances, it is better to completely exclude contacts before his recovery.
Prevention of Hepatitis B, C and D
The most dangerous among all infectious hepatitis are those caused by types B, C and D. They have not only a similar clinical picture and need for intensive treatment, but also common pathways of infection. The most common infections occur with the use of non-sterile medical instruments, blood transfusions, sexual intercourse and from mother to fetus, much less hepatitis B, C and D are transmitted through the joint use of hygiene items – toothbrushes, towels, wipes.
Prevention measures include:
- Careful control over the use of syringes, boron machines and other instruments in medical facilities. After each patient, reusable equipment must be disinfected and not reused once. Of course, the risk of hepatitis infection in a medical facility is low, but do not overlook the possibility of negligence on the part of workers.
- Avoid promiscuous sex, if the sex is accidental, or if you do not know your partner – use a condom. The highest probability of infection is during anal sex, much less frequently – with oral pleasures. Nevertheless, it is better to be safe than to fight against a serious illness all your life.
- Drug addiction is a special diagnosis. Is it worth saying that you should not use drugs? If you do, do not use used syringes and needles or straws for cocaine inhalation – even after lying down for a month, they may contain hepatitis viruses.
- If there was a situation where you may have been infected, take the test as early as possible. Remember that early treatment is much better than late treatment, and the incubation period for hepatitis B is 120 days, C is about 150 days.
- Do not share personal hygiene items with other people.
Hepatitis is transmitted from mother to fetus. However, this is not a sentence for the baby – a pregnant woman should consult a doctor who will prescribe a course of treatment. Combined with high discipline and personal hygiene of the patient, medicines in most cases, can avoid infection. In general, viral hepatitis in most cases is a consequence of promiscuity in sexual life, drug use, failure to observe the banal rules of personal hygiene. Nowadays, hepatitis is very rare to be infected in medical facilities. Therefore, adherence to a healthy lifestyle and in relation to hepatitis is the best preventive measure.